The export of Ukrainian agricultural products to the European Union during the three years of the free trade zone increased 1.5 times to $ 6.3 billion.
This was announced by the deputy director of the National Scientific Center “Institute of Agrarian Economics” (IAE) Nikolay Pugachev, the press service of the IAE reports.
“Over the three years of the free trade zone with the European Union, exports of agri-food products from Ukraine to the countries of the European Union increased one and a half times: from 4.2 billion dollars in 2016 to 6.3 billion dollars in 2018,” said Pugachev.
According to him, the supply of domestic agri-food products to the European Union in 2018 was carried out, as in previous years, mainly in seven countries: Spain, Poland, the Netherlands, Italy, Germany, Belgium and France. The total share of these countries is 80% of total exports of agricultural products to the EU.
The basis of domestic agri-food exports to the EU are traditionally grain and oilseeds, fats and oil, residues and waste - as a result, 4/5 of the cost.
It is noted that the decisive products of Ukrainian agrarian exports to the European Union in 2018 were grain crops. Their sale brought revenues of $ 2.2 billion, mainly due to deliveries to Europe of 11.9 million tons of corn and about 1.5 million tons of wheat.
Export of oilseeds - mainly sales of rapeseed and soybeans in value terms amounted to $ 1,157 million.
The volume of oil supplies to the markets of European countries, including 1.26 million tons of sunflower oil, amounted in value terms to more than $ 900 million.
The lion's share of the sum from export of residues and wastes - $ 407 million - was received for 2.1 million tons of sunflower meal.
In addition, it is noted that last year the volumes of deliveries from Ukraine to the EU of fresh and dried leguminous vegetables (about 300 thousand tons), poultry meat (105 thousand tons) and eggs (more than 6 thousand tons) significantly increased.
According to the results of the analysis carried out by IAE scientists, a positive trend has emerged towards a gradual increase in the number of domestic enterprises that have the right to export their products, in particular livestock farming, to EU member countries. Last year, their number exceeded 300 agroformations, and these were suppliers of both food and other by-products of animal origin.
In general, in 2018 about 40 quotaable commodity items were exported from Ukraine. In particular, in the list of products with fully closed quotas there was no barley and sugar, but poultry meat, butter, and selected products from malt and starch were added to it.
"Although in 2018 compared with the previous year, the situation with the use of quotas improved slightly, most quotas were not used even by half," the scientist said.
At the end of 2018, Ukraine fully used EU duty-free quotas for the export of wheat, corn, barley groats and flour, apple and grape juice, processed starch, malt and gluten, malt and starch products, processed tomatoes, honey, butter and poultry meat.
In addition, additional preferential quotas for honey, processed tomatoes, wheat and maize, which began to operate during 2018, have been exhausted.
Quotas for starch and garlic are almost completely selected.
As in the past year, in early 2019, domestic exporters closed the main annual quotas for the supply of honey and apple and grape juices to the European Union. This year, according to the scientist, the planned growth of quantitative volumes of some of the main export quotas of agricultural products in the EU and the effect of eight preferential quotas given to Ukraine will continue.
According to scientists of the Institute of Agrarian Economics, there is every reason to expect that in 2019 exports of agricultural products from Ukraine to the European Union will remain at the same level as last year, Pugachev summed up.